Our Research

Assessing Ontario’s Pandemic School Closures and What Students Need
Assessing Ontario’s Pandemic School Closures and What Students Need
2022-03-29T06:00:00

Prolonged school closures has sparked debate about the intention, necessity, and efficacy of halting in-person education as an effective policy tool.

Breaking Down Work Barriers for People with Disabilities
Breaking Down Work Barriers for People with Disabilities
2022-03-23T06:00:00

We take a closer look at the human costs of Canadians with disabilities’ exclusion from work and identify some of the key questions standing in the way of positive policy reform.

Reasonable Limits
Reasonable Limits
2022-02-09T06:00:00

Freedom of religion is one of the fundamental freedoms enumerated in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Advocacy of religious freedom is often misunderstood as calling for positions that would be difficult for anyone to reasonably accept.

Backgrounder on Federal Parental-Leave Benefits
Backgrounder on Federal Parental-Leave Benefits
2022-02-09T05:00:00

The purpose of this backgrounder is to provide context for conversations at Cardus on the advantages, challenges, and potential reforms needed to improve Canada’s parental-leave benefits policies.

Needs Improvement: How Public Schools Teach about Religion
Needs Improvement: How Public Schools Teach about Religion
2022-01-26T06:00:00

Are students in public schools receiving the necessary formation that will support their participation in a society that is becoming increasingly diverse in religious expression? Instructing the next generations not in a religion but about religion should be a key element of Canadian education.

Excellence in Education
Excellence in Education
2021-12-14T13:00:00

This paper traces this conversation from its Greco-Roman and early Christian roots to the present—looking at how the Christian notion has shifted our conception of excellence in important ways, but how we have perhaps lost a fully rounded vision of it in our late modern world.

A Good Fit
A Good Fit
2021-12-13T06:00:00

In this report we describe the first study that has assessed the value of a religious “good fit” in education. Using US data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), the study estimated a religious match effect, which is the difference in standardized test scores for students paired to schools of their same religion, after controlling for other variables.

Who We Will Become: A Survey of Children’s Public Lives in Christian Thought
Who We Will Become: A Survey of Children’s Public Lives in Christian Thought
2021-12-08T00:00:00

The Christian tradition possesses the tools to aid the Christian community in asking the right questions regarding the cultivation of a healthy participation of children in public life

Cardus at Twenty and Beyond
Cardus at Twenty and Beyond
2021-11-23T10:00:00

Twenty years marks an important milestone for Cardus

For Love or Money?
For Love or Money?
2021-10-21T06:00:00

Why do some young adults choose to marry and others do not?

We’ve Got Better Options
We’ve Got Better Options
2021-10-14T06:00:00

An Open Letter to Premier Ford

Our Inner Guide: Protecting Freedom of Conscience
Our Inner Guide: Protecting Freedom of Conscience
2021-09-27T09:29:55

Conscience, though inherently individual, is vital to the common good. Using current case studies from Canada that engage freedom of conscience, this paper offers concrete recommendations as to how this human right can be robustly protected at home and abroad.

Funding All Students
Funding All Students
2021-09-15T06:00:00

This study presents the hypothetical economic costs of funding Ontario’s independent schools, if the province were to fully fund the sector or apply any of the existing partial-funding models in Canada.

Pandemic Response: How Christian Independent Schools Responded to a Year of COVID-19
Pandemic Response: How Christian Independent Schools Responded to a Year of COVID-19
2021-08-20T06:00:16

This report explores how learning continued in Ontario’s independent schools during the continuous and disruptive school closures of the 2020–21 school year. It also investigates the financial, promotional, and business impact of these disruptions.

Bouncing Back Through Diversity: The Effects of Bill 66 on Construction Competition in the Region of Waterloo
Bouncing Back Through Diversity: The Effects of Bill 66 on Construction Competition in the Region of Waterloo
2021-07-22T06:00:41

Our results show that the removal of restrictions enabled the Region of Waterloo to “bounce back” toward its original competitive state. The removal of restrictions led to a greater numbers of bids, more bidders, more unique firms bidding, and decreased bid gaps indicating downward pressure on municipal construction costs.

Community Benefits Agreements: Toward a Fair, Open, and Inclusive Framework for Canada
Community Benefits Agreements: Toward a Fair, Open, and Inclusive Framework for Canada
2021-07-15T06:00:09

As Canada emerges from the COVID-19 crisis and accompanying recession, governments, the construction sector, and communities alike look to massive infrastructure spending to reignite the economy and promote lasting community benefits across the country. This report addresses, from the perspective of the builders’ community, the concept of community benefits agreements (CBAs)—an often poorly understood and ill-defined concept that is gaining prominence in Canada and other Western democracies.

Good Schools, Good Citizens
Good Schools, Good Citizens
2021-06-30T06:00:00

The heart of democratic education lies in preparing the next generation to join the community of citizens. Indeed, state-funded public education developed out of the imperative to inculcate the civic knowledge, skills, and attachment necessary for democratic governance.

But what is the role of independent schools in the process of civic formation and social cohesion? Do they help or hinder the development of democratic citizenship? What oversight should governments exercise over them? And should governments fund such schools as part of public education writ large?

Missing Marriage and the Baby Carriage
Missing Marriage and the Baby Carriage
2021-06-23T13:43:27

A Cardus research brief highlighting unpartnered young adults and the decline of fertility in Canada.

Exit Covid: What have we learned, and where should Canada be focusing post-pandemic?
Exit Covid: What have we learned, and where should Canada be focusing post-pandemic?
2021-06-21T21:24:54

Imagine Canada like a car: we’ve just had the rare experience of smashing our economy, culture, and society into a brick wall at high speed—whether through the disease itself or our response to it. And like crash-test engineers, we now have to perform the analysis.

What did we learn? How did we fare? What performed better than expected, and what worse? And, most importantly, where do we go from here?

Pandemic Pivot - Christian Independent Schooling During the Initial 2020 Lockdown
Pandemic Pivot - Christian Independent Schooling During the Initial 2020 Lockdown
2021-06-11T09:00:00

The social, emotional, academic, and economic implications of the global COVID-19 pandemic will be studied for years to come. This paper reports how these schools pivoted from offering face-to-face education to remote learning from March to June 2020. 

Redeeming the Buzzword: A Distinctively Christian Approach to “Innovation” in Education
Redeeming the Buzzword: A Distinctively Christian Approach to “Innovation” in Education
2021-05-31T09:00:00

Dr. Beth Green delivered the following remarks on October 6, 2017 at the Kuyers Institute for Christian Teaching and Learning’s conference “Christian Teaching and Learning: Pathways and Possibilities,” at Calvin University in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The text has been lightly adapted to appear in print.

Turning Aces into Assets: Policy Brief
Turning Aces into Assets: Policy Brief
2021-05-28T06:00:01

Building financial security for all Canadians, but especially for the most vulnerable, is widely recognized as an important policy priority. Governments have a unique opportunity to kick gambling addiction to work for, not against, low-income households.

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