Education

Cardus Education exists to cultivate education for the common good and convene education leaders, through original research and policy studies on educational pluralism, excellence in education, and graduate outcomes.

Program Director

David Hunt

Research & Policy

Excerpt from Future Ready
Excerpt from Future Ready
2022-07-29T15:00:00

Challenges to Christian school sustainability have been well-documented in recent years—from historical declines in enrollment, to limited reach across diverse populations, to lack of programmatic and structural innovation, to personnel shortages and increasing educator burnout.

Many Educational Systems, a Common Good
Many Educational Systems, a Common Good
2022-07-26T06:00:00

The Cardus Education Survey provides nationally representative snapshots of the life trajectories of secondary-school graduates from government schools, Catholic independent schools, Protestant independent schools, and non-religious independent schools in the US, Canada, and Australia.

Assessing Ontario’s Pandemic School Closures and What Students Need
Assessing Ontario’s Pandemic School Closures and What Students Need
2022-03-29T06:00:00

Prolonged school closures has sparked debate about the intention, necessity, and efficacy of halting in-person education as an effective policy tool.

Needs Improvement: How Public Schools Teach about Religion
Needs Improvement: How Public Schools Teach about Religion
2022-01-26T06:00:00

Are students in public schools receiving the necessary formation that will support their participation in a society that is becoming increasingly diverse in religious expression? Instructing the next generations not in a religion but about religion should be a key element of Canadian education.

Excellence in Education
Excellence in Education
2021-12-14T13:00:00

This paper traces this conversation from its Greco-Roman and early Christian roots to the present—looking at how the Christian notion has shifted our conception of excellence in important ways, but how we have perhaps lost a fully rounded vision of it in our late modern world.

A Good Fit
A Good Fit
2021-12-13T06:00:00

In this report we describe the first study that has assessed the value of a religious “good fit” in education. Using US data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), the study estimated a religious match effect, which is the difference in standardized test scores for students paired to schools of their same religion, after controlling for other variables.

Funding All Students
Funding All Students
2021-09-15T06:00:00

This study presents the hypothetical economic costs of funding Ontario’s independent schools, if the province were to fully fund the sector or apply any of the existing partial-funding models in Canada.

Pandemic Response: How Christian Independent Schools Responded to a Year of COVID-19
Pandemic Response: How Christian Independent Schools Responded to a Year of COVID-19
2021-08-20T06:00:16

This report explores how learning continued in Ontario’s independent schools during the continuous and disruptive school closures of the 2020–21 school year. It also investigates the financial, promotional, and business impact of these disruptions.

Good Schools, Good Citizens
Good Schools, Good Citizens
2021-06-30T06:00:00

The heart of democratic education lies in preparing the next generation to join the community of citizens. Indeed, state-funded public education developed out of the imperative to inculcate the civic knowledge, skills, and attachment necessary for democratic governance.

But what is the role of independent schools in the process of civic formation and social cohesion? Do they help or hinder the development of democratic citizenship? What oversight should governments exercise over them? And should governments fund such schools as part of public education writ large?

Exit Covid: What have we learned, and where should Canada be focusing post-pandemic?
Exit Covid: What have we learned, and where should Canada be focusing post-pandemic?
2021-06-21T21:24:54

Imagine Canada like a car: we’ve just had the rare experience of smashing our economy, culture, and society into a brick wall at high speed—whether through the disease itself or our response to it. And like crash-test engineers, we now have to perform the analysis.

What did we learn? How did we fare? What performed better than expected, and what worse? And, most importantly, where do we go from here?

Pandemic Pivot - Christian Independent Schooling During the Initial 2020 Lockdown
Pandemic Pivot - Christian Independent Schooling During the Initial 2020 Lockdown
2021-06-11T09:00:00

The social, emotional, academic, and economic implications of the global COVID-19 pandemic will be studied for years to come. This paper reports how these schools pivoted from offering face-to-face education to remote learning from March to June 2020. 

Redeeming the Buzzword: A Distinctively Christian Approach to “Innovation” in Education
Redeeming the Buzzword: A Distinctively Christian Approach to “Innovation” in Education
2021-05-31T09:00:00

Dr. Beth Green delivered the following remarks on October 6, 2017 at the Kuyers Institute for Christian Teaching and Learning’s conference “Christian Teaching and Learning: Pathways and Possibilities,” at Calvin University in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The text has been lightly adapted to appear in print.

Unchartered Territory: A Historical and Critical Analysis of Alberta’s Prohibition on Religious Charter Schools
Unchartered Territory: A Historical and Critical Analysis of Alberta’s Prohibition on Religious Charter Schools
2021-04-21T10:00:00

Mild reforms were recently introduced to Alberta’s charter-school policy, but a most unaccommodating prohibition remains: Charter schools cannot be religious.

Who Chooses Alberta Independent Schools and Why
Who Chooses Alberta Independent Schools and Why
2020-09-01T08:00:29

This paper is the final edition of a three-part, pan-Canadian series investigating the perceptions of independent-school parents. Using the same research question and methodology as the British Columbia (BC) and Ontario versions, this paper examines the findings in Alberta.

Click here to read a one-page summary of this report.

To check out the British Columbia findings, click here.

To check out the Ontario findings, click here.

Flexible Education in an Age of Disruption
Flexible Education in an Age of Disruption
2020-05-25T14:00:43

Embracing Innovation and Diversity in Ontario K–12 Education

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Parent Involvement
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Parent Involvement
2020-04-08T08:00:58

A Case Study of Our Lady of Lourdes Elementary School

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Building Community
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Building Community
2020-04-08T07:00:46

A Case Study of Woodland Christian High School

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Moral and Faith Formation
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Moral and Faith Formation
2020-03-06T09:00:48

The Catholic tradition views the school as working alongside the church to help parents educate their children. While parents are the primary providers of their children’s religious and moral formation, they do not undertake this significant work alone (Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace 2006). Among the most important responsibilities of educators at a Catholic school, then, is sustaining the relationship between the school and the community of faith to which it belongs.

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Technology and Computational Thinking
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Technology and Computational Thinking
2020-03-06T08:00:59

Technology has become an inescapable part of nearly every North American child’s daily experience. Nevertheless, the increasing importance of technology has made it imperative that future citizens learn to engage constructively with the digital infrastructure undergirding their world.

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: School Leadership
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: School Leadership
2020-03-06T07:00:37

Leaders who serve schools and their communities with humility, love of neighbour, and Christ-like character ultimately work to advance the common good.

Toward a More Diverse and Resilient Education Sector
Toward a More Diverse and Resilient Education Sector
2020-03-02T12:00:59

This brief makes the case for expanding Alberta’s conception of public education, and emphasizing private (hereafter, independent) school sector expansion in forthcoming reforms. Where an emphasis on expanding secular charter schools exists, an equal or greater emphasis should be placed on expanding the number of and enrolment at independent schools in Alberta.

What Do They Deliver?
What Do They Deliver?
2020-02-10T05:00:29

If news reports are an indication, skepticism is increasing in America about the value of higher education.

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Environmental Education
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Environmental Education
2020-01-16T14:00:54

What can schools do to promote environmental education? 

Researchers went on site in search of promising practices and excellence in Christian education. This is what they found. Read on.

Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Indigenous Perspectives
Pursuing Excellence in Christian Education: Indigenous Perspectives
2020-01-16T13:00:33

What can schools do to promote indigenous education and reconciliation? 

Researchers went on site in search of promising practices and excellence in Christian education. This is what they found. Read on.

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